Plumbing cum Solar Water Heating Technology

The plumbing and sanitary system is an essential part of every house or building. Proper planning and designing of plumbing system is crucial as it takes care of the hygiene requirements of the occupants. It has been reported that about 8 per cent of the construction cost of a building is marked for plumbing and sanitary work.


The construction industry, one of the leading industries in Pakistan, the Middle East and other parts of the world, offer a range of prosperous occupational areas, such as plumbing. Plumbers play a vital role in installing, repairing and maintaining pipes, fixtures and other plumbing used for water distribution and wastewater disposal in residential, commercial and industrial buildings. The increased use of solar energy has further added to the demand of Plumbers having the skills to install and maintain solar-thermal water heating systems. Thus, the ever-growing demand of industry has led to the design of this training program as a response to providing appropriate skills.

Workshops / labs

Overall course objective

The aim of this program is to produce employable Plumbers(Assistant) who are competent to install, remove, check, repair, replace or service different types of bathrooms and kitchen fixtures, including solar water heating installations. In addition, this program aims to prepare unemployed youth to find employment in the construction industries or to enable them in becoming successful as entrepreneur.

Course competencies

After completion of training the trainees will be able to:
Maintain Safety;
Interpret Drawing;
Maintain Tools & Equipment;
Perform laying out and excavation;
Join pipes;
Install water, gas and solar fittings;
Install sewerage fittings;
Install sanitary wares and CP fitting;
Follow safe work procedures
Perform preventive and corrective maintenance
Perform Quality Checks
Maintain Documentation

Scope of Plumbing Trade:

The pass out of this course would be able to:
Plumber with construction companies
Plumber in government departments, factories, plazas, residential colonies and in other building complex
Salesman at sanitary/pipe stores or sales agents of different manufacturers of plumbing materials
Self Employment

Trainee entry level

Individuals who wish to enter this course of study have to comply against the following criteria:
Grade 8 (Middle) or equivalent;
Comfort level of English language and mathematics;
Satisfactory completion of appropriate admission assessment test

Teaching strategies in a competency-based environment

The following facilitation methods (teaching strategies) are generally employed in CBET programs;
Direct Instruction Method: This might be effective when introducing a new topic to a larger group of trainees in a relative short amount of time. In most cases this method relies on one-way communication, hence there are limited opportunities to get feedback on the trainee’s understanding.
Discussion Method: This allows trainees to actively participate in sharing knowledge and ideas. It will help the trainer to determine whether trainees understand the content of the topic. On the other hand, there is a possibility of straying off topic under discussion and some trainees dominating others on their views.
Small Group Method: Pairing trainees to help and learn from each other often results in faster knowledge/skill transfer than with the whole class. The physical arrangement of the classroom/workshop and individual assessment may be challenging.
Problem Solving Method: This is avery popular teaching strategy for CBET. Trainees are challenged and are usually highly motivated when they gain new knowledge and skills by solving problems (Contingency skills). Trainees develop critical thinking skills and the ability to adapt to new learning situations (Transfer skills). It might be time consuming and because trainees sometimes work individually, they may not learn all the things that they are expected to learn.
Research Method: This is used for workshops and laboratory tasks, field experiments, and case studies. It encourages trainees to investigate and find answers for themselves and to critically evaluate information. It however requires a lot of time and careful planning of research projects for the trainee.

Medium of instructions

Urdu, local languages and/or English
The distribution of training hours is as follows:

a) Total Training hours                = 720 Hours
b) Theory                                    = 144 Hours (20%)
c) Practical                                  = 576 Hours (80%)